Greater than three weeks after shedding a reelection bid, President Jair Bolsonaro on Tuesday blamed a software program bug and demanded the electoral authority annul votes forged on most of Brazil’s nation’s digital voting machines, although unbiased specialists say the bug would not have an effect on the reliability of outcomes.
Such an motion would go away Bolsonaro with 51% of the remaining legitimate votes — and a reelection victory, Marcelo de Bessa, the lawyer who filed the 33-page request on behalf of the president and his Liberal Social gathering, advised reporters.
The electoral authority has already declared victory for Bolsonaro’s nemesis, leftist former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, and even lots of the president’s allies have accepted the outcomes. Protesters in cities throughout the nation have steadfastly refused to do the identical, significantly with Bolsonaro declining to concede.
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Liberal Social gathering chief Valdemar Costa and an auditor employed by the get together advised reporters in Brasilia that their analysis discovered all machines courting from earlier than 2020 — practically 280,000 of them, or about 59% of the full used within the Oct. 30 runoff — lacked particular person identification numbers in inside logs.
Neither defined how which may have affected election outcomes, however mentioned they had been asking the electoral authority to invalidate all votes forged on these machines.
The criticism characterised the bug as “irreparable non-compliance attributable to malfunction” that known as into query the authenticity of the outcomes.
Instantly afterward, the top of the electoral authority issued a ruling that implicitly raised the likelihood that Bolsonaro’s personal get together might endure from such a problem.
Alexandre de Moraes mentioned the courtroom wouldn’t contemplate the criticism until the get together provides an amended report inside 24 hours that would come with outcomes from the primary electoral spherical on Oct. 2, during which the Liberal Social gathering received extra seats in each congressional homes than another.
Creomar de Souza, political analyst of Dharma Political Danger and Technique, mentioned the wording of de Moraes’ ruling signifies the electoral courtroom is prone to reject the enchantment.
The bug hadn’t been identified beforehand, but specialists mentioned it additionally would not have an effect on outcomes. Every voting machine can nonetheless be simply recognized via different means, like its metropolis and voting district, in response to Wilson Ruggiero, a professor of pc engineering and digital techniques on the Polytechnic College of the College of Sao Paulo.
Diego Aranha, an affiliate professor of techniques safety at Aarhus College in Denmark, who has participated in official safety assessments of Brazil’s electoral system, agreed.
“It doesn’t undermine the reliability or credibility in any approach,” Ruggiero advised The Related Press by cellphone. “The important thing level that ensures correctness is the digital signature related to every voting machine.”
Whereas the machines haven’t got particular person identification numbers of their inside logs, these numbers do seem on printed receipts that present the sum of all votes forged for every candidate, mentioned Aranha, including the bug was solely detected as a result of efforts by the electoral authority to offer higher transparency.